Why Use MongoDB? Key Benefits and Advantages

  • 17 August 2023

MongoDB is a popular open-source, document-based NoSQL database that has gained considerable traction with web development company in India in recent years. Originally launched in 2009, MongoDB has become one of the most widely used databases for modern applications thanks to its flexibility, performance, and ease of use. Here is a deeper look at some of the key advantages of using MongoDB:


Flexible Data Modeling

One of the biggest advantages of MongoDB is its flexible data model based on JSON-like documents. Unlike relational databases, MongoDB is schema-less, which means that documents in the same collection do not need to have the same schema or structure. Each document may contain a different collection of fields. This makes it easy to store unstructured or polymorphic data. Documents can be nested within other documents to create complex hierarchical relationships. MongoDB’s flexible data modelling allows web development Cochin, to easily modify applications as new features are added without needing to take the database offline or modify the schema.


Developer Friendly

MongoDB uses a document data model that is easy for developers to work with and similar to how data is represented in application code. This reduces impedance mismatch and allows for higher developer productivity. MongoDB supports native drivers for major programming languages like JavaScript, Python, Java, C#, Ruby, and many more, making it easy to integrate into new or existing applications. MongoDB documents map naturally to objects in code, making the data intuitive to reason about for developers. The document model also typically requires fewer JOIN operations compared to relational databases.


High Performance

MongoDB is designed for high performance from the ground up. Its document storage structure allows for fast queries and real-time aggregation. Indexing supports faster queries and can be added to any field. MongoDB also supports in-memory computing for certain operations, providing performance boosts. Native replication and automatic sharding provide built-in high availability, redundancy, and horizontal scalability. With its distributed architecture and horizontal scalability, MongoDB makes it possible to store huge volumes of data and sustain high throughput. Performance can be further improved by using in-memory storage engines.


Rich Query Language

MongoDB supports a rich querying and aggregation framework that makes it easy to access and analyze data in real-time. Queries can return specific fields, apply conditional logic, sort/limit results, and more. The aggregation framework provides powerful ways to process and analyze data similar to SQL GROUP BY and HAVING clauses. MongoDB queries are constructed using JSON-like structures that map closely to how data is modelled. This reduces query complexity compared to relational SQL queries. Dynamic queries allow you to find data your way without needing to specify fields upfront.



MongoDB scales horizontally using sharding, allowing you to easily add capacity by adding more machines. Automatic sharding balances data and load across a cluster while maintaining high performance and availability. This makes it easy to scale up MongoDB as data storage and throughput needs increase. MongoDB can run on a range of infrastructures from commodity servers to public cloud providers, giving you the flexibility to build scaled-out distributed databases at low cost. The automated management platform MongoDB Atlas provides a fully managed MongoDB environment in the cloud that makes scaling seamless.


Battle Tested Reliability

As one of the most popular NoSQL databases, MongoDB has been proven at scale by companies around the world across every industry. MongoDB has matured over a decade of development into a stable and reliable database trusted by leading organizations. MongoDB Inc. also offers commercial support subscriptions for extra assistance and protection in business-critical deployments.


MongoDB is a general-purpose database that can be used for a wide variety of use cases, from traditional web apps, mobile apps, IoT systems, real-time analytics, content management, and more. Its advantages make it well-suited for modern applications that need to handle big data volumes, real-time operations, and flexible schemas. If your application needs a scalable, high-performance database with dynamic queries, easy data modelling and built-in redundancy, MongoDB is likely a great fit.