Python’s Design Restrictions Compared to Other Languages

  • 04 August 2023

Python is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages today due to its simplicity, readability, and extensive libraries. However, some of the deliberate design choices that make Python user-friendly also impose certain restrictions on what can be built with Python versus other languages. Here is an overview of Python’s key design restrictions and how they compare to other languages when dealing with mobile app development, India

Dynamic Typing

Python uses dynamic typing which means variables can hold data of any type without needing to be declared first. This makes Python very flexible but also leads to fewer compile-time checks and higher runtime errors. In contrast, statically-typed languages like Java require defining variable types upfront which provides more safety through type checking at compile time

No Support for Multithreading

Python’s global interpreter lock (GIL) prevents multiple threads from running Python bytecodes at once. This makes parallel processing in Python reliant on multiprocessing instead of multithreading. Other languages like Java efficiently support multiple threads executing code concurrently for faster parallel execution.

Manual Memory Management

Python handles memory allocation and deallocation automatically through reference counting and garbage collection. But in languages like C++, developers have finer-grained control over memory management like allocating, deallocating, mapping, stacking, etc. This provides higher performance in some applications.

Weak in Mobile Computing

Python’s run-time efficiency, battery usage, and mobile library support have traditionally been weaker compared to platforms like Android, iOS, or cross-platform tools. It is less suitable for mobile development versus Java, Kotlin, JavaScript/React Native, Flutter etc.

Not Ideal for High-Performance Computing

For financial modelling, scientific computing, machine learning, and other domains needing high speed and volumes of computation, Python is slower compared to C, C++, Rust etc. due to being dynamically typed and interpreted rather than compiled.

Restricted in Browser Programming

While JavaScript dominates client-side web development, Python has very limited browser support. Projects like Brython allow writing Python that transpile to JS but with limitations.

No Standard GUI Framework

Python’s GUI frameworks like Tkinter and PyQt are third-party packages unlike C# or Java which have first-class UI frameworks like Windows Forms and Swing respectively. Python’s GUI landscape is more fragmented.

Less Scalable than C, Rust

Running large applications with C or Rust leverages lower-level control over CPUs, memory, concurrency etc. leading to better vertical and horizontal scalability. Python is easier for smaller scripts but doesn’t scale to large systems as well.

Also Read:Mobile App Development Process for Building a Successful Mobile Application

Not Ideal for Game Development

Python lacks the real-time performance, multimedia support, rendering engines, and hardware access vital for game development provided in languages like C++, C# and Java.

Overall, the enhanced developer productivity and faster time-to-market from Python’s simplicity come at the cost of some performance, safety, and scalability. However, Python continues to penetrate more domains by adopting just-in-time compilation, type hinting for static analysis, multi-threading packages, Web Assembly integration, mobile support etc. While Python has its limits, in many cases it provides the right balance of productivity and capability for projects that don’t need the complexities or performance of systems programming. For many modern applications, Python’s high-level design is a benefit rather than a restriction while understanding its sweet spots in relation to other languages is important for mobile app development, Kochi to employ the best results ahead.